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The Pomeranian

The tiny Pomeranian, long a favorite of royals and commoners alike, has been called the ideal companion. The glorious coat, smiling, foxy face, and vivacious personality have helped make the Pom one of the world’s most popular toy breeds. The Pomeranian combines a tiny body (no more than seven pounds) and a commanding big-dog demeanor. The abundant double coat, with its frill extending over the chest and shoulders, comes in almost two dozen colors, and various patterns and markings, but is most commonly seen in orange or red. Alert and intelligent, Pomeranians are easily trained and make fine watchdogs and perky pets for families with children old enough to know the difference between a toy dog and a toy. Poms are active but can be exercised with indoor play and short walks, so they are content in both the city and suburbs. They will master tricks and games with ease, though their favorite activity is providing laughs and companionship to their special human.

The Pomeranian is a miniaturized relation of the powerful spitz-type sled dogs of the Arctic. The breed is named for Pomerania, the area of northeastern Europe that is now part of Poland and western Germany. It was there, hundreds of years ago, that the Pom’s ancestors were bred down from their much bigger, burlier cousins.

The Pom, also known as the Zwergspitz in some countries, is the smallest of the spitz breeds. With their elegant appearance and regal bearing, you might say Poms are ‘fit for a queen’ and you’d be right. The Pom’s popularity is largely due to Queen Victoria, who became smitten with the breed while visiting Florence, Italy. When the dog-happy Dowager Queen returned to Britain with Poms in tow, the breed’s fame was assured.

Victoria became a serious breeder and exhibitor of Poms. At the 1891 Crufts dog show, Victoria showed six of her breeding. One of her favorites, Windsor Marco, won first place in the breed. (A British historian wrote, “It would have been a brave judge to have placed her second.”) Victoria is credited for reducing the Pom’s size from about 30 pounds to their current toy stature. It was reported that as the aged queen lay dying in 1901, her favorite Pom, Turi, kept vigil at the foot of her bed.

Many would describe their Pomeranians as fearless, loving, loyal, and caring. Despite this breed being a very small dog, they do not back down from anyone or anything. They have tiny bodies but huge loving hearts. For generations, this breed has topped the charts of popular dogs and remains a top breed in the United States. Their temperament is best described as happy, warm, and sometimes a bit stubborn.

As much as Pomeranians enjoy being lapdogs and family companions, they do benefit from some exercise and enjoy the chance to run, play, and go for walks. Be sure to keep a close eye on your Pom when he or she is outside. They are notorious for escaping through small crevices or gaps in fencing, or climbing over short fencing. Small breeds like Pomeranians can be mistaken for rabbits or squirrels by large, predatory birds such as hawks and owls, so it is vital to keep a Pom under cover or stay with them at all times. When taking your Pom for a walk, be cautious of your surroundings. Other dogs who are not controlled can easily hurt your Pom.

The Pom should be trained to walk on a leash early on and taught to come when called. Housebreaking can be a challenge, so consistency and patience are key. It is important to keep your Pom from jumping on and off couches or beds, as they can injure joints or even break a bone. Poms are alert and highly intelligent, and they enjoy and can excel in canine activities like agility, rally, and obedience, or working as therapy dogs.

The Pomeranian should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

The Pomeranian’s profuse double coat is one of his most distinguishing features. Frequent brushing is necessary to maintain the beautiful coat that we admire. Brush through the dog with a pin brush and a slicker brush down to the skin once a week to keep the hair from matting. Pomeranians are active dogs, so it is important that their nails are kept short. It is highly recommended that you find a groomer to do a full groom’including bath, brushing, ears, nails, and anal glands’every four to six weeks, if you are not comfortable with doing this at home. You should also pay close attention to the Pom’s teeth. It is a good idea to brush the teeth during their weekly grooming session.

Frequently Asked Questions

Caring for a Pomeranian involves a mix of regular grooming, consistent exercise, and attentive training to cater to their unique needs. To keep their beautiful, fluffy coat in top condition, brushing them a few times a week is essential. Daily activities such as short walks and playtime not only satisfy their energetic nature but also promote their physical health. Training and socialization from a young age can help manage their bold personalities, making them well-mannered companions. Regular veterinary visits, a nutritious diet, and dental hygiene are fundamental to their well-being. Above all, Pomeranians crave attention and affection from their owners, thriving in an environment where they feel loved and cared for.

Pomeranians are best kept indoors. They are prone to overheating and can suffer heat stroke if kept outside in the heat for too long. Their small size also requires that they are kept in a safe environment out of the elements.

Pomeranians are vivacious and intelligent little dogs that thrive on attention and interaction. They are known for their bold and inquisitive nature, often showing no fear despite their small size. Pomeranians possess a lively spirit and love to play, but their alertness also makes them excellent watchdogs, as they’re quick to alert their owners to anything amiss. Despite their sometimes willful and mischievous behavior, Pomeranians are generally eager to learn and can be trained effectively with patience and positive reinforcement. Their affectionate and loyal demeanor makes them great companion animals, bonding closely with their human families.

Their lifespan ranges from 12-16 years

Pomeranians, a beloved toy breed known for their lively and bold personalities, are susceptible to several health conditions that prospective and current owners should be aware of. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), commonly encountered health issues in Pomeranians include luxating patella (a condition where the kneecap dislocates), tracheal collapse (a respiratory issue characterized by a weakening of the tracheal rings), and dental issues due to their small mouths. Furthermore, they are prone to certain coat and skin conditions, as well as eye problems like cataracts. Although Pomeranians are generally healthy dogs, regular veterinary check-ups and being aware of these potential health concerns can help ensure these vibrant and affectionate companions lead long, happy lives.

Pomeranian puppies should be fed frequent small meals, ideally 3 to 4 meals per day, spaced evenly throughout the day.  As Pomeranian puppies grow up the frequency of the meals can be reduced.

Frequent Brushing (minimum twice per week) is actually more important than bathing. Your Pomeranian should be bathed every four to six weeks.

Yes. Pomeranians can live with other pets but due to their prey drive they should not interact with other pets unsupervised.

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